I know that all bacteria will not catabolize L-glucose.

Another sugar is L-arabinose.
I've read about L-arabinose operon -- something that E coli have which lets them catabolize L-arabinose.
It wasn't clear to me that this operon was something unique to E coli or whether E coli is just an example of a kind of bacteria that has it.

For example, if I have lactobacillus or Saccharomyces cerevisiae bacteria, is it right that they should NOT be able to catabolize L-arabinose but would be able to catabolize D-arabinose?

from my reading of the literature it would appear that the L-arabinose operon is speciifc to E-coli. That said it should be possible that in time it could pass to other bacteria.

The vast bulk of studies in this area have been performed in E. coli. As David suggests, E. coli counterparts to L-arabinose operons also appear to be present in other bacteria; see - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9084180, and some lactobacilli apparently possess the gene (AraA) for catalytically-active L-arabinose isomerase (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18031349). In addition, for another gene in the operon, AraC (regulating gene), there appears to be quite a few homologues (some with only a few amino acid differences) that regulate arabinose-catabolizing genes in response to arabinose in other bacteria - see Table 1 in http://gene.bio.jhu.edu/Ourspdf/127.pdf